FAB’s Facial Radiance Pads claim to reduce visible pores, diminish the appearance of fine lines and improve skin clarity, all in one swift wipe with a pad. Intrigued? We are too! Pass the microscope, let’s review the science behind these exciting claims!

The main active ingredients listed are lactic acid and glycolic acid. These two Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) act as a mild chemical peel, removing the corneocytes of the stratum corneum (that’s the dead skin cells on the outer most layer of the skin), revealing a newer, healthier layer of cells underneath. This gives skin a clearer, more radiant appearance and reduces the appearance of fine lines.

How, you ask?
Exfoliation is achieved by the hydrophilic (water-loving) nature of AHA molecules, allowing them to easily penetrate the skin and loosen the intercellular “glue” that that bind the stratum corneum together. Lactic acid in particular targets the desmosomes, which are adhesion proteins between cells, compromising the structural integrity of the surface skin layer. This process promotes exfoliation and stimulates collagen production and new cell growth. Simple!

Mild chemical peels, also known as acid toners, are pretty multi-purpose on the skin care front. Not only do they brighten skin tone by alleviating pigmentation problems, but the exfoliation of dead skin cells that could otherwise clog pores reduces acne, dullness and blemishes. AHAs also act as humectants, preventing water loss and helping boost moisture levels in the skin. They contain antibiotic properties to help with acne and interestingly slow the processes that generate melanin, aiding skin pigmentation disorders.

Lactic acid and glycolic acid have long been recognised to contain skin improving properties. Polynesian women have used sugar cane juice, which contains glycolic acid, as a skin treatment for years. Cleopatra herself was known to bathe in lactic acid in the form of soured milk! A secret DIY Beauty Geek perhaps?

Safe for sensitive skin
Now we know wiping acid all over your face sounds a little extreme, but FAB claim that these pads are safe for daily use, even for sensitive skin and the online reviews support this. The soothing, moisturising properties of the aloe base in this product would support this, but many of the other ingredients are carefully formulated to be super gentle too.
Although there are many AHAs used in cosmetic peels, glycolic acid is the one of the most effective as it penetrates the skin more deeply due to the small size of the molecule. Lactic acid, on the other hand has anti-inflammatory properties due to the molecule being relatively large and therefore absorbed at a slower rate. Good choice on the AHAs there FAB, effective yet gentle. You’re onto a winner!

The concentration of these two chemicals can be very low as they are pretty powerful exfoliates. A study conducted using 8% concentration Glycolic and Lactic acid creams on photodamaged skin twice a day, showed an improvement in photodamage, mottled hyperpigmentation, sallowness and roughness of the skin. So even at low concentrations these acids have been proven to have an effect. Things are looking promising!

The active ingredient aiming to tone the skin is Phyllanthus emblica, also known as Indian Gooseberry. The astringent quality of the extract tightens pores, but studies have shown that the extract also harbours antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. All leading to a clearer more even skin tone without the associated possibility of irritation. I’m sensing a pattern here, are you?

Indian Gooseberry also contains antioxidant properties due to the high concentration of phytophenols such as tannins, flavonoid compounds and vitamin C in the fruit.

Lemon peel extract (Citrus Medica Limonum ) and Liquorice root extract (Glycyrrhiza glabra) are added for their skin brightening properties. The main active compound of Liquorice root is glabridin, an isoflavane that works as a Tyrosinase inhibitor. Feeling a little lost in the lingo? Tyrosinase is an enzyme that controls the rate at which melanin is produced in the skin. Blocking this enzyme leads to a slowing of the production of skin pigment, which in turn leads to a more even skin tone. Glabridin also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant actions.

Lemon peel extract is a source of vitamin C, flavonoids and other antioxidants, all working to reduce oxidative damage by free radicals. Vitamin C is a multipurpose component: other benefits include supporting collagen synthesis and lightening hyperpigmentation.

Combat Free Radicals
Now for the never-ending war on those pesky oxidising free radicals and the wrinkles they cause. The pads contain the elusive “FAB Antioxidant Booster”. Mysterious! A quick look at the ingredients list and we can gauge that many of the ingredients we mentioned above have antioxidant properties, such as liquorice root, Indian gooseberry and lemon peel extract.

White tea (Camellia sinensis) and Chrysanthemum Parthenium (Feverfew) extract also have free radical scavenging antioxidant activity due to high levels of flavonoids. This includes catechins and other polyphenols; chemicals which scavenge free radicals and up-regulate processes which reduce the concentration of reactive oxygen species within the cell. Looks like we are geared up for war!
The Verdict
It seem that there is some pretty substantial scientific evidence to support the claims made by FAB about their Facial Radiance pads and the user reviews online are glowing. So maybe clear, radiant skin is only a (daily) wipe away!

To get hold of yours, click HERE!

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“Natural options for the management of hyperpigmentation”
“Immunomodulatory effects of agents of plant origin.”
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“White tea (Camellia sinensis) inhibits proliferation of the colon cancer cell line, HT-29, activates caspases and protects DNA of normal cells against oxidative damage”
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“Triphala promotes healing of infected full-thickness dermal wound.”

Image reference: http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-ORKg6Z5Xe0Q/TjqNwGXKzMI/AAAAAAAADTc/BQr8kMerImY/s1600/FAB36894_n.jpg

Water/Eau, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Glycerin, Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Water, Lactic Acid, Glycolic Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate, Camellia Sinensis (White Tea) Leaf Extract, Chrysanthemum Parthenium (Feverfew) Extract, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice) Root Extract, Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Peel Extract, Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Fruit Extract, Hyaluronic Acid, Phyllanthus Emblica (Indian Gooseberry) Fruit Extract, Polysorbate 20